Nameko

Pholiota Nameko

Common Names: Nameko, Butterscotch Mushroom

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About

Pholiota nameko, commonly known as Nameko mushroom, is a popular edible mushroom in Japan. It is small, amber-brown, and has a slightly gelatinous coating. It is often used in miso soup and nabemono. It is rich in vitamin B1, B2, D, and dietary fiber.

Physical Characteristics

Caps:

Convex, becoming broadly convex to flat in age

Gills:

Adnate to slightly decurrent and close

Cognitive Effects

Energy

Pholiota Nameko is believed to enhance energy levels by improving cellular energy production and increasing oxygen utilization. It may help combat fatigue and improve stamina, making it popular among athletes and individuals seeking a natural energy boost.

Psychoactive Effects

Euphoric

Pholiota Nameko can induce feelings of happiness or excitement.

Perceptual

Pholiota Nameko can cause changes in time perception, spatial perception, and perception of one's own body.

Helps With

Fatigue

Pholiota Nameko helps in reducing feelings of tiredness and lethargy.

High cholesterol

Pholiota Nameko aids in lowering levels of bad cholesterol in the body.

Stress

Pholiota Nameko has adaptogenic properties, meaning it may help the body adapt to and resist the effects of stress. It is believed to support the adrenal glands, which play a role in regulating stress responses, and promote a sense of calm and overall well-being.

Potential Side Effects

Upset stomach

Overconsumption of Pholiota Nameko can lead to gastrointestinal discomfort.

Dry mouth

Pholiota Nameko can cause a sensation of dryness in the mouth.

Look Alike Species

look alike species

Specie:

Galerina marginata.

Edibility:

Poisonous

Differences:It can be distinguished from Pholiota Nameko by its gill color, which is brown instead of white or light yellow, and its spore print, which is brown instead of white to cream. Additionally, Galerina marginata usually grows in the fall, while Pholiota Nameko is typically found in the spring.

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References


  • Chemical analysis, moisture-preserving, and antioxidant activities of polysaccharides from Pholiota nameko by fractional precipitation

  • This study explored Pholiota nameko (P. nameko) polysaccharide fractions, PNP-40, PNP-60, and PNP-80, purified by gradient concentrations of ethanol (40%, 60%, and 80% (v/v)). The physicochemical properties, functional group composition, moisture-preserving, and antioxidant ability were determined. The results indicate that the polysaccharide contents of PNP-40, PNP-60, and PNP-80 are 45.12%, 78.04%, and 72.22%, respectively, while the β-glucan, protein, and uronic acid contents are 20.20%, 12.20%, and 10.15%, respectively; 11.24%, 14.53%, and 26.94%; and 5.99%, 7.73%, and 3.78%. Furthermore, PNP-60 has better moisture absorption, while PNP-80 has better antioxidant ability and H2O2-injury resistance activity


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