BlackJellyRoll1_1200

Pisolithus Arhizus

Common Names: Black Jelly Roll, Dyeball, Dog Turd Fungus

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Culinary
Medicinal

About

Pisolithus arhizus, commonly known as the Dyemaker's Puffball or the Dog Turd Fungus, is a distinctive fungus notable for its peculiar appearance and ecological role. This species is found widely distributed across various continents including North America, Europe, and Australia, thriving in sandy soils and often in disturbed areas alongside roadsides and in open fields. The mushroom emerges from the soil as a dark, globular mass that may initially be mistaken for animal droppings. As it matures, the outer skin cracks to reveal a complex interior filled with powdery spores that range in color from yellow-brown to dark brown. The mature fruit bodies can reach up to 15 centimeters in diameter, making them quite conspicuous in their natural habitat. Ecologically, Pisolithus arhizus is a mycorrhizal fungus, forming beneficial associations with the roots of various tree species, especially pines and eucalypts. This symbiotic relationship enhances the host tree’s ability to absorb water and nutrients from the soil, particularly in poor soil conditions, thereby improving the plant's growth and survival rates. While not considered edible due to its bitter taste and tough texture, Pisolithus arhizus is valued in other fields. It is used in the dyeing of textiles, giving rich brown and gold hues, and is researched for its potential in bioremediation projects due to its ability to tolerate and thrive in contaminated environments. This robust mushroom is a fascinating example of nature’s complexity and adaptability.

Flavors

Bland

Pisolithus arhizus is not typically consumed for its flavor, and when tasted, it is often described as bland or neutral.

Textures

Gelatinous

The interior of the Pisolithus arhizus can have a gelatinous consistency, especially in its younger stages.

Rubbery

As the mushroom matures, it can develop a more rubbery texture.

Fragrances

Earthy

Being a ground-growing mushroom, it has a natural earthy aroma.

Fungus

It has a typical mushroom scent, especially when fresh.

Physical Characteristics

Caps:

Irregular rounded mass, up to 30 cm wide. Brown to blackish.

Gills:

No true gills, spore mass inside.

Look Alike Species

look alike species

Specie:

Scleroderma citrinum

Edibility:

toxic

Differences:Smooth exterior, lacks jelly-like gleba

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References


  • Chemical analysis, moisture-preserving, and antioxidant activities of polysaccharides from Pholiota nameko by fractional precipitation

  • This study explored Pholiota nameko (P. nameko) polysaccharide fractions, PNP-40, PNP-60, and PNP-80, purified by gradient concentrations of ethanol (40%, 60%, and 80% (v/v)). The physicochemical properties, functional group composition, moisture-preserving, and antioxidant ability were determined. The results indicate that the polysaccharide contents of PNP-40, PNP-60, and PNP-80 are 45.12%, 78.04%, and 72.22%, respectively, while the β-glucan, protein, and uronic acid contents are 20.20%, 12.20%, and 10.15%, respectively; 11.24%, 14.53%, and 26.94%; and 5.99%, 7.73%, and 3.78%. Furthermore, PNP-60 has better moisture absorption, while PNP-80 has better antioxidant ability and H2O2-injury resistance activity


  • Mushrooms: Cultivation, Nutritional Value, Medicinal Effect, and Environmental Impact

  • Mushrooms: Cultivation, Nutritional Value, Medicinal Effect, and Environmental Impact, Second Edition presents the latest cultivation and biotechnological advances that contribute to the modernization of mushroom farming and the mushroom industry. It describes the individual steps of the complex mushroom cultivation process, along with comprehensive coverage of mushroom.


  • Great Southern Land: The Maritime Exploration of Terra Australis

  • During the eighteenth century, today's Australia was not conflated with Terra Australis, as it sometimes was in the twentieth century. Captain Cook and his contemporaries knew that the sixth continent (today's Australia), which they called New Holland, was entirely separate from the imagined (but still undiscovered) seventh continent (today's Antarctica).


  • The Principles of Mushroom Growing and Mushroom Spawn Making

  • Benjamin Minge Duggar was an American plant physiologist. Surprisingly, he is best remembered for his contribution to another discipline, through his discovery in 1945 of chlortetracycline, the first of the tetracycline antibiotics, from a soil bacterium growing in allotment soil.


  • MUSHROOMS RUSSIA AND HISTORY Volume 2

  • In May 1950 my husband undertook a pilgrimage to remote Serignan to see the Fabre water-colors, and he picked out more than a dozen for our book. Two years later, finding himself again in Paris, he called once more on Professor Heim, who by now had become the Director of the Museum National, a worthy successor in that great post to the illustrious Buffon. Indeed, he sits at Buffon's very table, in Buffon's very room, where the elegant i8th century furnishings have remained unchanged, the walls adorned with the graceful i8th century oils of Jean-Jacques Bachelier, depicting the birds of the several continents.


  • MUSHROOMS RUSSIA AND HISTORY Volume 1

  • THIS book is addressed to those who love mushrooms, who love the whole rich world of wild mushrooms in the same way that many love the flowers of the field and the birds of the air. Our public is certainly one of the smallest in the English-speaking world, but no matter. We invite all to share our joys, and if few respond, we are not less happy for being few to savor the secret.


  • Psilocybin Mushrooms of Australia

  • Our journey will take you through the rich tapestry of Australia's psychedelic flora, revealing the art and science of cultivating these extraordinary fungi.


  • Strains: Cannabis Tasting Journal

  • Cannabis comes in a variety of strains. Whether you are an experienced user or brand new to cannabis, keeping a tasting journal is critical to your experience over time. Documenting your experiences with the different varieties is crucial to finding the one strain that you enjoy and also the strain that has the best impact on your overall well-being and health. Whether it is for medical or recreational use, this journal will be your documentation for each strain you experience.


  • Psilocybin Mushrooms of the World: An Identification Guide

  • Paul Edward Stamets is an American mycologist and entrepreneur who sells various mushroom products through his company. He is an author and advocate of medicinal fungi and mycoremediation


  • The Mysterious World of Mushrooms, Molds, and Mycologists

  • Featuring a wealth of illustrations, a fungi-filled tour of the importance of mushrooms, from the enchanted forests of folklore to their role in sustaining life on earth.