KingOyster0_1200

Pleurotus Eryngii

Common Names: King Oyster, King Trumpet, French Horn

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Culinary

About

Pleurotus eryngii, widely known as the King Oyster Mushroom, is a prized edible fungus that is celebrated for its remarkable size, texture, and flavor. Native to the Mediterranean regions of Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, and also found in parts of Asia, this mushroom has gained popularity across the globe due to its culinary versatility and substantial nutritional profile. King Oyster Mushrooms are distinctive for their thick, meaty white stems and relatively small, tan caps, unlike other oyster mushrooms which typically feature larger caps and smaller stems. Their robust structure allows them to maintain texture and flavor when cooked, making them a favorite ingredient in a variety of dishes. They can be sautéed, grilled, roasted, or stir-fried, and are often used as a substitute for meat in vegetarian and vegan recipes because of their hearty consistency and umami flavor.

Flavors

Mild

Mild flavor with a slight sweetness

Textures

Firm

Firm texture when cooked, similar to abalone

Fragrances

Gentle

Mild aroma, not particularly distinctive

Physical Characteristics

Caps:

Tan to brown, smooth, convex to flat

Gills:

White, decurrent

Helps With

Heart Health

May help to improve heart health.

Diabetes

May help to improve blood sugar control.

Digestion

May help to improve digestion.

Medicinal Chemistry

Look Alike Species

look alike species

Specie:

Omphalotus olearius

Edibility:

slightly toxic

Differences: the Jack O'Lantern mushroom has a bright orange color, compared to the white to tan color of the King Oyster mushroom. Furthermore, the gills of the Jack O'Lantern mushroom are bioluminescent and can glow in the dark, a feature not present in the King Oyster mushroom. It's crucial to note that while the King Oyster mushroom is edible and highly prized, the Jack O'Lantern mushroom is poisonous and can cause severe gastrointestinal distress if consumed.

Nutrition Facts (Raw)

Serving Size g
Amount Per Serving
Calories
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 0.4 g1%
Saturated Fat 0 g0%
Trans Fat 0 g
Cholesterol 0 mg0%
Sodium 18 mg1%
Total Carbohydrate 6.1 g2%
Dietary Fiber 2.3 g8%
Total Sugars 1.1 g
Protein 3.3 g7%
Vit A 0 µg 0%B1 0.1 mg 8%
B2 0.3 mg 23%B3 5 mg 31%
B6 0.1 mg 6%B9 38 µg 10%
B12 0 mg 0%Vit C 0 mg 0%
Vit D 29 µg 145%Vit E 0 mg 0%
Vit K 0 µg 0%Calcium 3 mg 0%
Copper 0.2 mg 22%Iron 1.3 mg 7%
Mg 0 mg 0%Mn 0.1 mg 4%
Phosph. 120 mg 10%Pot. 420 mg 9%
Selenium 2.6 µg 5%Zinc 0.8 mg 7%
* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet.

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References


  • Chemical analysis, moisture-preserving, and antioxidant activities of polysaccharides from Pholiota nameko by fractional precipitation

  • This study explored Pholiota nameko (P. nameko) polysaccharide fractions, PNP-40, PNP-60, and PNP-80, purified by gradient concentrations of ethanol (40%, 60%, and 80% (v/v)). The physicochemical properties, functional group composition, moisture-preserving, and antioxidant ability were determined. The results indicate that the polysaccharide contents of PNP-40, PNP-60, and PNP-80 are 45.12%, 78.04%, and 72.22%, respectively, while the β-glucan, protein, and uronic acid contents are 20.20%, 12.20%, and 10.15%, respectively; 11.24%, 14.53%, and 26.94%; and 5.99%, 7.73%, and 3.78%. Furthermore, PNP-60 has better moisture absorption, while PNP-80 has better antioxidant ability and H2O2-injury resistance activity


  • Mushrooms: Cultivation, Nutritional Value, Medicinal Effect, and Environmental Impact

  • Mushrooms: Cultivation, Nutritional Value, Medicinal Effect, and Environmental Impact, Second Edition presents the latest cultivation and biotechnological advances that contribute to the modernization of mushroom farming and the mushroom industry. It describes the individual steps of the complex mushroom cultivation process, along with comprehensive coverage of mushroom.


  • Great Southern Land: The Maritime Exploration of Terra Australis

  • During the eighteenth century, today's Australia was not conflated with Terra Australis, as it sometimes was in the twentieth century. Captain Cook and his contemporaries knew that the sixth continent (today's Australia), which they called New Holland, was entirely separate from the imagined (but still undiscovered) seventh continent (today's Antarctica).


  • The Principles of Mushroom Growing and Mushroom Spawn Making

  • Benjamin Minge Duggar was an American plant physiologist. Surprisingly, he is best remembered for his contribution to another discipline, through his discovery in 1945 of chlortetracycline, the first of the tetracycline antibiotics, from a soil bacterium growing in allotment soil.


  • MUSHROOMS RUSSIA AND HISTORY Volume 2

  • In May 1950 my husband undertook a pilgrimage to remote Serignan to see the Fabre water-colors, and he picked out more than a dozen for our book. Two years later, finding himself again in Paris, he called once more on Professor Heim, who by now had become the Director of the Museum National, a worthy successor in that great post to the illustrious Buffon. Indeed, he sits at Buffon's very table, in Buffon's very room, where the elegant i8th century furnishings have remained unchanged, the walls adorned with the graceful i8th century oils of Jean-Jacques Bachelier, depicting the birds of the several continents.


  • MUSHROOMS RUSSIA AND HISTORY Volume 1

  • THIS book is addressed to those who love mushrooms, who love the whole rich world of wild mushrooms in the same way that many love the flowers of the field and the birds of the air. Our public is certainly one of the smallest in the English-speaking world, but no matter. We invite all to share our joys, and if few respond, we are not less happy for being few to savor the secret.


  • Psilocybin Mushrooms of Australia

  • Our journey will take you through the rich tapestry of Australia's psychedelic flora, revealing the art and science of cultivating these extraordinary fungi.


  • Strains: Cannabis Tasting Journal

  • Cannabis comes in a variety of strains. Whether you are an experienced user or brand new to cannabis, keeping a tasting journal is critical to your experience over time. Documenting your experiences with the different varieties is crucial to finding the one strain that you enjoy and also the strain that has the best impact on your overall well-being and health. Whether it is for medical or recreational use, this journal will be your documentation for each strain you experience.


  • Psilocybin Mushrooms of the World: An Identification Guide

  • Paul Edward Stamets is an American mycologist and entrepreneur who sells various mushroom products through his company. He is an author and advocate of medicinal fungi and mycoremediation


  • The Mysterious World of Mushrooms, Molds, and Mycologists

  • Featuring a wealth of illustrations, a fungi-filled tour of the importance of mushrooms, from the enchanted forests of folklore to their role in sustaining life on earth.